Chest Pain Procedures Not Caused by Heart Disease

Last year, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services released figures from hospitals around the country detailing the cost of the 100 most common inpatient services and the 30 most common outpatient services. The numbers sometimes illustrate significant variation in what providers charge for similar services. Full Story

Physical Inactivity

This statistic shows the estimated percent of adults age 20 or older who report no leisure time physical activity. Physical inactivity has been related to type 2 diabetes, cancer, stroke, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and premature mortality. Full Story

Mammography Screenings

Most evidence points to mammography reducing the mortality rate of breast cancer. Estimates suggest that the preventative measure drops the risk of dying from breast cancer by anywhere from 15 percent to 35 percent. Full Story

Poor Mental Health Days

Overall health depends on both physical and mental well-being. Measuring the number of days when people report that their mental health was not good, i.e., poor mental health days, represents an important facet of health-related quality of life.

Limited Access to Healthy Foods

Limited access to healthy foods captures the proportion of the population who are low income and do not live close to a grocery store. Living close to a grocery store is defined differently in rural and nonrural areas; in rural areas, it means living less than 10 miles from a grocery store, whereas in non-rural areas it means less than 1 mile. Low income is defined as having an annual family income of less than or equal to 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold for the family size. There is strong evidence that residing in a food desert is… Full Story

Preventable Hospital Stays

Hospitalization for diagnoses treatable in outpatient services suggests that the quality of care provided in the outpatient setting was less than ideal. The measure may also represent a tendency to overuse hospitals as a main source of care. The rate of preventable hospital stays is often used to assess the effectiveness and accessibility of primary healthcare.

Violent Crime Rate

High levels of violent crime compromise physical safety and psychological well-being. High crime rates can also deter residents from pursuing healthy behaviors such as exercising outdoors. Additionally, exposure to crime and violence has been shown to increase stress, which may exacerbate hypertension and other stress-related disorders and may contribute to obesity prevalence. Exposure to chronic stress also contributes to the increased prevalence of certain illnesses such as upper respiratory illness and asthma in neighborhoods with high levels of violence.