Body Fat Location May Determine Diabetes Risk

Obese individuals with excess visceral fat are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, according to a new study by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. However, those with excess abdominal subcutaneous fat underneath the skin were not at higher risk for the onset of diabetes. Because of this, researchers are able to identify obese persons who are at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes years it develops by using imaging methods to determine the location and function of body fat. “Among obese individuals, it is not necessarily how much fat a person has, but rather where the… Full Story

Sesame and Rice Brain Oil Can Lower Blood Pressure and Cholesterol

Cooking with a blend of sesame and rice bran oils can not only drop blood pressure, but improve cholesterol levels, too, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions. The study, which took place for 60 days, broke up the 300 New Delhi participants into three groups: those taking medication, those using one ounce of the oils a day, and one incorporating both. Systolic blood pressure went down an average of 14 points in people using just the oils, 16 points in those taking the medication, and 36 points in those using… Full Story

Women in Academic Medicine Underrepresented

Fewer women reach leadership positions than men in academic medicine, according to a study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. As seen in American Medical News, the average medical school has 43 female full professors compared with 192 male, according to lead study author Linda Pololi, MD, despite the fact that women have made up about 50 percent of medical school students for the past decade. Researchers surveyed over 4,500 full-time faculty members at 26 medical schools across the country. Women reported a lower sense of belonging or support, and a higher level of pessimism about gender equality or… Full Story

By 2030, Half of Texas Adults Could be Obese

Texas weighs in on the national scale as the 10th fattest state. With a third of adults in Texas being obese, the numbers aren’t projected to slim down any time soon. Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Foundation estimated that 50 percent of the adults in Texas could be obese by 2030. The report suggests that the state could reduce healthcare costs by more than $19 billion in 10 years if Texans lower the average body mass index by 5 percent.

A Breakdown of Tenet’s Sustainability Report

Dallas-based Tenet Healthcare has released its  2011 corporate sustainability report. The company was recognized by Global Report Initiative as meeting GRI’s Application Level C Guidelines, which indicates how many disclosure requirements Tenet achieved in its report. The company believes sustainability is “about creating shared value for our patients, physicians, employees and shareholders” said Trevor Fetter, Tenet president and CEO, in a statement. “This commitment is crucial to our success as a corporation, employer, and steward of the communities in which we serve.” Highlights from Tenet’s report for 2011 include: Tenet gave $530 million in care to the uninsured, paid $126… Full Story

Morning Rounds (09.18.12)

Sleeping in on the weekends doesn’t catch people up on sleep lost during the week, but only makes them sleepier on Monday morning, according to a UT Southwestern study.

Sodium intake in children and teens has reached an alarmingly high rate, according to the American Heart Association, causing high blood pressure to affect more young people.

Women with anorexia nervosa perceive themselves differently than those without, according to a recent study on brain pathways by researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas and UT Southwestern.

The Department of Veterans Affairs’ patient medical records program reached its millionth user last month, two years after its launch. EHR vendors look to this program as they prepare for stage two of the federal program that requires physicians to offer patients the ability to download their health information. Full Story

Sleeping In on Weekends Doesn’t Pay Off “Sleep Debt”

Sleeping in on the weekends doesn’t catch people up on sleep lost during the week, but only makes them sleepier on Monday morning according to a study UT Southwestern released. “A great myth of sleep deprivation is that if we miss sleep over the course of the work week, we need to catch up on an hour-by-hour basis on the weekend,” said Dr. Gregory Carter, a sleep medicine specialist at UT Southwestern Medical Center in a statement. People can delay their circadian clock, up to one hour, by sleeping in one hour or more over the weekend. The problem is… Full Story

Brain Pathways Function Differently in Women with Anorexia

Women with anorexia nervosa perceive themselves differently than those without, according to a recent study on brain pathways by researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas and UT Southwestern, published in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Participants in the study were asked to evaluate three types of assessments: those based on oneself, one’s friend, and “reflected” (what one’s friend believes about the individual). Anorexia patients showed different brain activation than their counterparts, according to the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) results. Dan Krawczyk of the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas and UT Southwestern conducted the study along… Full Story

Morning Rounds (09.14.12)

UT Southwestern has been chosen as one of 25 sites for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke’s Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials, or NeuroNEXT, that may lead them to receive $1.4 million in NINDS aid over the next seven years.

Extended doctors’ office hours are linked to a ten percent dip in healthcare costs for patients, according to an annual government survey.

Medical groups sent a letter to Congress urging lawmakers to halt Medicare provider cuts that, along with the expiration of the sustainable growth rate fix for Medicare are slated to take effect Jan. 1.

The American Heart Association has released a study concluding that mini strokes can lead to serious disability, highlighting that it occurs with conditions that doctors often consider too mild to treat with drugs.

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UT Southwestern Earns Spot in NeuroNEXT Clinical Trials

UT Southwestern has been chosen as one of 25 sites for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke’s Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials, or NeuroNEXT. The network will lead clinical trials for brain disease in hopes of making new treatments available faster and minimizing the time and expense of studies. As a result of participation in NeuroNEXT, UT Southwestern expects to receive $1.4 million in NINDS aid over the next seven years. Large patient population, clinical research experience, and multidisciplinary expertise were the factors that went into play when choosing UT Southwestern, according to NINDS associate director for… Full Story