Low Birth Weight By County

Low birth-weight, defined as a baby weighing less than 5 lb. 8 oz. at birth, is a leading determinant of infant death. Women who drink, smoke, or have poor nutrition during pregnancy—as well as those who are physically or emotionally abused—are more likely to have low birth-weight babies. Infant mortality is often used to compare the health and well-being of nations, as well as population groups within nations. Compared to infants of normal weight, low birth-weight infants may have an increased risk for many negative circumstances: illness through the first six days of life, infections, and the longer-term consequences of… Full Story

Physical Inactivity by County

Physical inactivity can lead to obesity and Type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, physical activity can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health. For these statistics, physical inactivity refers adults who report no physical activity or exercise other than their jobs. Across the United States, county-level estimates range from 10 percent to 43 percent. The nation’s average is 21 percent. Adults in DFW counties and the state of Texas are slightly less active, with averages ranging from 22 percent in Collin and Tarrant counties to 24… Full Story

Life Expectancy By County

Life expectancy grew in two decades by more than seven years for Collin County men and about half that much for Collin County women. A recent report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) found that the county closed the life-expectancy gap with the nation’s highest rate from about eight years in 1989 to about one year in 2009. The nation’s highest life expectancy for men is Marin County, CA, at 81.6 years. Collin County men are not far behind at 80.5 years. The County Health Rankings, prepared by the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute, ranked Collin… Full Story